Drug policy


2012 - Dec
05
In:
Dejusticia
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Punitive addiction: the disproportion of drug laws in Latin America

Rodrigo Uprimny Yepes, Diana Esther Guzmán Rodríguez, Jorge Alberto Parra Norato

This document puts in evidence the disproportionality of the crimes related with drugs in seven countries of Latin America. Even though they are punishable conducts that do not damage directly nor concretely third parties, the evolutive studies of crime laws related to drugs since 1950 reveals a regional tendency towards the maximisation of the use of crime law that is reflected in: 1) the unmeasured increment of the conducts of penalized drugs, 2) the exponential growth of the penalty with wich it is punished and 3) the incomprehensible tendency of punishing with a bigger severity the crimes related with drugs than those of bigger gravity such as homicide, rape, and violent theft. It is concluded that the existence of a "punitive addiction" by the Latinamerican States, because even though these policies achieve every time less results, they still choose to increment the dosis of punitivism characteristic of the war agains drugs.
Este documento pone en evidencia la des-proporcionalidad de los delitos relacionados con drogas en siete países de América Latina. A pesar de tratarse de conductas punibles que no generan un daño directo y concreto en terceras personas, el estudio evolutivo de las leyes penales de drogas desde 1950 hasta la actualidad, demuestra que existe una tendencia regional hacia la maximización del uso del derecho penal que se refleja en: 1) el incremento desmedido de las conductas de drogas penalizadas, 2) el crecimiento exponencial de las penas con las que se les castiga y 3) la incomprensible tendencia a castigar con mayor severidad los delitos de drogas que delitos de una gravedad mucho más evidente como el homicidio, el acceso carnal violento y el hurto con violencia sobre las personas. Se concluye entonces la existencia de una “adicción punitiva” por parte de los Estados latinoamericanos, pues a pesar de encontrar cada vez menores beneficios, se opta por incrementar de más en más la dosis de punitivismo característica de la guerra contra las drogas.

Drugs




Documentos de la publicación

  La Adicción Punitiva: La desproporción de leyes de drogas en América Latina (texto completo)

  Punitive addiction: the disproportion of drug laws in Latin America (complete text)


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